Backgammon – an exciting , strategic and sophisticated of its kind board game. The game of backgammon you can spend more than one hour , thus, completely oblivious to time. It is believed that backgammon – a game for older people and it shows a philosophical attitude towards human life , its dependence not only on the fate , but also from his own decisions. To understand the cause of these assumptions , it is necessary to know the history of the game and the rules of the game of backgammon .
History of the Game
The world is not known which country was the birthplace and inventor of the game of backgammon , but we know for sure that this game has been more than five centuries and took its origins in the East ( the most ancient board game of backgammon has been found in Asia Minor ) .
There is a legend that backgammon invented one of the most famous sages of Persia Byuzyurkmehr . The reason for creating the game of backgammon were Hindus , who decided that the Persians did not have such a sharp mind as they are, as a result, the Persians, the Indians sent a chess set , proposing to unravel the principle of this game. The Persians did not wait long for itself forced – unraveled the meaning of the game of chess , and backgammon sent in response to solve the mystery of which Indians could not 12 years old.
Byuzyurkmehr explained to his king that the game board represents a land , chips – 30 days in a month , and the bones – destiny. Chips , moving on to the board as many steps as shown bones represent the people living on earth , and when they leave the board , it ‘s like people are dying .
Thus, we can say that in the game of backgammon can not be absolutely sure of their positions . Of course, good players plan their actions on several moves ahead , but no more , because their fate depends on luck , and that will show the bone, but the choice is , in consequence, will be behind them.
We also know that playing backgammon and pharaohs in ancient Rome , and they were brought to Europe Crusaders , and in those days it was a game exclusively for the ladies of high society. Rules and the name of the game were different in each country , and only in 1743 , Edmond Hoyle set a level playing backgammon , and in 1931 in the U.S., they have been supplemented by the rule of Cuba and documented in the International Rules of the game of backgammon .
Despite the fact that the existing international rules of the game of backgammon , each country has its own nuances , we will look at only the basic and common to all the peoples of the rules.
Initially, all the chips are outside the board. The dice within the board. If the bones are on edge chips or hurt , or fly off the board , they should be thrown again.
Also , there is another twist to the game of backgammon, and concerns the chips that first game is not displayed on the board . Beginning of the game the player rolls the dice and goes only one chip if it is already exposed in the field, or take one of the more pristine and runs with it. If double drops , the player can take two chips untouched .
Yet it’s worth noting that backgammon – this is a game for two.
Players take turns . Everyone starts his move from his field, which is on the opposite side of the board diagonally to the opponent .
The first move is determined by throwing dice. Whoever has the most points dropped , goes first. If the same number of points , the bones being moved .
Number of strokes determined by a number indicate that the bone and can be a chip credit amount resemble bones, or two chips , but one walks on a number of cells , which shows a bone , while the second runs in accordance with the number of the second die .
If the roll is a double (both dice show the same number ), the player is allowed to make a 4 stroke ( stroke for each of such cells , which shows one of the bones) , or to two or one stroke , but the amount of cells to be passed is four times the number that shows the bone. For example, if two fell 4 matches , it is possible to make a 4 stroke 4 cells each , or two stroke 8 cells or 16 cells alone . In any case, the number of cells on which to move , there should be less than each of the four chips.
When all the chips reach the “house” ( 6 cells, which are next door to the START of the enemy and they are located on the second half of the game board ) , then , throwing dice , they can be removed from the board . The winner is the one who had all the bones will take the field for the board.
There are illegal moves. This occurs when a player needs to make a move, but the place is occupied chip opponent. In this case, the player is looking for all possible options for the course , but if they are not , he loses his turn . If a player moves have options , but they are not profitable for him , he can not pass the course , but must in any case to rearrange your chip .